Prevalence of fascioliasis in slaughtered cattle in six Area Councils in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria

Ogbaje, L. J.1*, Malann, Y. D., Azare, B. A. , Njoku, M. and Jegede, O. C.

Keywords: Fascioliasis, prevalence, cattle, abattoir, FCT.
Published in Volume 24

This study aims to evaluate bovine fascioliasis in cattle slaughtered in abattoirs of Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja. Weekly from May 2022 to April 2023, liver and faecal samples collected from cattle slaughtered at the abattoirs were examined and recovered Fasciola preserved in 70% ethanol. The formal ether concentration technique was used for ova detection. Infected livers were further examined for lesions and presence of adult parasite. A total of 584 cattle were sampled and an overall prevalence of 275 (47.00%) was recorded. Out of 584 cattle examined, 294 were males and 290 females with prevalence of 115 (39.00%) in males and 160 (55.00%) in females. Sex related prevalence showed significant relationship (p<0.05). Infection rate was significantly higher in older cattle (≥6years), 36 (70.00%) than younger cows (p<0.05). The highest prevalence was recorded in March, 20 (57.00%) and the least in May, 24 (33.00%). The relationship between season and prevalence of infection was statistically significant (p<0.05). The abattoir, AMAC, 59 (69.00%) had the highest prevalence while Abaji, 8 (32.00%) had the least. The results showed that fascioliasis is still endemic in Abuja, therefore regular inspection and treatment of cows, ranching rather than nomadism and public enlightenment are recommended mitigation measures.