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Insectary maintenance of Anopheles gambiae (Dipteran, Culicidae): First instar (L1) larvae depicts the accuracy of a pyrethroid insecticide, for malaria control

Okoh, F. N.*, Odikamnoro, O. O. and Nzei, J. I.

Malaria is a tropical disease responsible for the death of hundreds of children daily. Effort geared at eliminating the vector that transmit the causative agent are likely to reduce the incidence of malaria and consequent deaths. This study aims t...

Population density dynamics of Pachymelania byronensis (Wood, 1828) (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) in the Cross River, Nigeria

King, R. P. and Akpan, B. E.

The ecology of an exploited population of the commercially important molluscan species, Pachymelania byronensis (Wood, 1828) was studied (January-December, 2018) in the lower Cross River, Nigeria, using density [number per hectare (N. ha<.../>

Abundance and nesting sites characteristics of red-headed picathartes Picathartes oreas in Cross River State, Nigeria

Abatcha, M. and Odewumi, O. S.

This study assessed the abundance and nesting sites characteristics of red-headed picathartes (Picathartes oreas) in protected and unprotected forest in Cross River State, from August 2016 to January 2017. Data were collected through oral...

Distribution of tsetse flies and its Trypanosoma species infection in Old Oyo National Park, Nigeria

Omonona, A. O., Abioye, S. A., Odeniran, P. O. and Ademola, I. O.

Tsetse fly infestation in national parks is a major health risk to both the wildlife and tourists coming to sub-Saharan Africa. However, information on distribution and diversity of tsetse flies and trypanosome infection rate in Protected Areas li...

Prevalence and associated risk factors of malaria infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Yola North, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Enock, N.,* Pukuma, S. M., Augustine, L. M., Gundiri, L. B., Zamdayu, N. M. and Daniel, J. L.

This study determined the prevalence and associated risk factors of malaria infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Yola North, Adamawa State, Nigeria, between December 2017 and April 2018. Both direct microscopy and rapid dia...

Parasitofauna of ground-dwelling anurans from cocoa plantations in Ugboke, Edo State, Nigeria

Edo-Taiwo, O. and Aisien, M. S. O.*

The parasitofauna of ground-dwelling anurans from pesticide-treated cocoa plantations (CP) in Ojo Camp, Ugboke, Edo State of Nigeria were investigated and compared with those recovered from host specimens collected from the village settlement (VS)...

Cestode infections of two clariid and two claroteid catfish species in River Galma, Zaria, Nigeria

Ibrahim, Z. A., Aken’Ova, T. and Luka, S. A.

Four catfish (Siluriformes) species comprising two clariids, Heterobranchus bidorsalis (65) and Heterobranchus longifilis (15) and two claroteids, Auchenoglanis occidentalis (31) and Chrysichthys auratus (19) fr...

Histological, microbiological, physicochemical and heavy metals evaluation of effluent from Kara Cow Market, Ogun State, Nigeria in guppy fish (Poecilia reticulata)

Sogbanmu, T. O., * Sosanwo, A. A. and Ugwumba, A. A. A.

The Ogun River is a sink for untreated effluents discharged from the Kara Cow Market, Ogun State. In this study, microbiological, physicochemical and heavy metals evaluation were carried out on effluent from the market...

Comparison of cranial and body morphology of tree squirrels (Helioscurius rufobranchium) in selected locations of rainforest in Nigeria

Bamidele, A. O. and Akinpelu, A. I.

This study examined the differences in cranial morphology of tree squirrel species (Heliosciurus rufobranchium) from four different locations in rainforest part of Nigeria. Locally fabricated live traps made o...

Resistance levels of selected rice genotypes to Sitophilus oryzae L. and Rhyzopertha dominica F. infestations

Ajao, S. K., Popoola, K. O., * Mande, S. and Togola, A.

The need to screen new rice genotypes for resistance to stored product insect pests is important to boost production and availability of rice for food security. Therefore, thirteen rice genotypes and varieties included...

Anthropogenic impacts on the composition and population density of migratory and resident birds of selected wetlands sectors in northern Nigeria

Edegbene, A. O.

In recent times, there has been decrease in the number of migratory and resident birds in Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands in Nigeria. This, no doubt, is a subject of concern to conservationist and the country at large. The effe...

Anopheles gambiae s.l. insecticide susceptibility status in Umudike, Ikwuano LGA, Abia State, Nigeria

Ekedo, C. M. and Ukpai, O. M.

This study was conducted in order to determine the insecticide susceptibility status of Anopheles gambiae in Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria. Larval and pupal stages of An. gambiae mosquitoes were collec...

Length-weight relationship and relative condition factor of Gorean snapper, Lutjanus goreensis (Valenciennes, 1830) in the coastal zone of Lagos, south-west Nigeria

Fakoya, K. A. Anetekhai, M. A. and Saba, A. O.

Snappers are highly recommended as choice seafood and as viable candidate for cage culture in the brackish water and marine environments. However, very limited data exists on biological parameters of the snappers, ...

Parasitic endohelminths of tree frogs from two rainforest habitats in Edo State, Nigeria

Imasuen, A. A., * Ojo, O. O., Adesina, O. O., Enabuele, E. E. and Aisien, M. S. O.

Tree frogs are generally regarded as arboreal frogs and those associated with water during their breeding season as aquatic/arboreal frogs. Obazuwa Wetlands and Ikpako Riparian Habitat are both located in Ovia North Ea...

Effects of bottom-up and top-down interactions on the productivity of Iyieke Lake, Afikpo North, Ebonyi State, south-east Nigeria

Nwonumara, G. N. and Idumah, O. O.

The bottom-up and top-down interactions of the abiotic and biotic components of Iyieke Lake were studied for eleven months covering a pre-flood, flood and post-flood periods. During the study, some water quality parame...

The diversity and distribution of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) in University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, south-west Nigeria

Kemabonta, K. A.,* Adu, B. W., Nwabueze, O. F., Ogbogu, S. S. and Ohadiwe, A.

The presence of dragonflies and damselflies may be taken as an indication of good ecosystem quality. The greatest numbers of species are found at sites that offer a wide variety of microhabitats. A survey of Odonata fa...



Are otolith parameters more sensitive than somatic indices in detecting stress conditions in fish? This question was investi-gated using juvenile-sized Clarias gariepinus in a 30-day exposure bioassay to a textile factory effluent. A series of stat...



A survey of gall-bladder of slaughtered cattle was carried out to determine variation pattern of trematode infection. A total of1,240 gall-bladders of cattle were examined for trematode eggs and adult worms between August 2008 and March 2009. Fif...



The length-weight relationship (LWR) and condition factor of Schilbe mystus from Asejire and Oyan Lakes were investigated.The b-values, 3.3845 and 3.2402 for the relationship of body weight to body length for this species in Oyan and Asejire Lake...



The human sex ratio at birth (SRB) and frequency of twinning are demographic parameters that vary among populations. Aretrospective study was carried out to investigate the trend of SRB, as well as twinning rate in Ibadan, Nigeria. Data on sexeso...

Latest articles

Hydatidosis among ruminants slaughtered in Kafur Abattoir, Katsina State

Eberemu, N. C.1* , Umar, M. and Orpin, J. B.

Hydatidosis is an infection caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus. It is among the parasitic diseases that imperil livestock production. This study aims to determine the prevalence of hydatid cysts among ruminants slaughtered in Kafu...

Behavioural, haematological, biochemical and histological changes in African Catfish, Heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffrey Saint-Hilaire, 1809) exposed to Orizoplus®

Elebe, F. A.1*

Worldwide, herbicides are used to control weeds to boost crop productivity, however, they could harm non-target species like fish if misapplied. This study evaluates the effect of Orizoplus®, a commonly used herbicide on the behaviour, haemato...

Status of urinary schistosomiasis among residents of Ebonyi Local Government Area, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Okpete, E. C.*1 and Ani1, O. C.

Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease prevalent in the sub-Saharan Africa. The present study determined the prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in Ebonyi Local Government Area, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Six hundred (600) mid-stream urine...

Malaria parasitaemia among residents attending selected secondary health facilities in Rivers State, Nigeria

Angaticha, R.1* , Nduka, F. O. and Abah, A. E.

Malaria is an urgent public health priority due to its high cause of morbidity and mortality. This study investigated the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia in Rivers State, Nigeria. Random sampling technique was used. A total of 1200 samples were...

Prevalence of fascioliasis in slaughtered cattle in six Area Councils in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria

Ogbaje, L. J.1*, Malann, Y. D., Azare, B. A. , Njoku, M. and Jegede, O. C.

This study aims to evaluate bovine fascioliasis in cattle slaughtered in abattoirs of Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja. Weekly from May 2022 to April 2023, liver and faecal samples collected from cattle slaughtered at the abattoirs were exami...

Drivers of bushmeat consumption and perception of zoonotic disease risks in a Nigerian wet market

Iwajomo, S. B.1* and Ogunsola, A. C.1

Bushmeat trade has been documented as one of the causes of wildlife depletion and population decline and it is also implicated in the transmission of zoonotic diseases. This study investigated the factors influencing bushmeat trade and the percept...

Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of goats slaughtered in Swali, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Ezenwaka, C. O.1* and Kolawale, A. A.1

Gastrointestinal parasites are considered the major disease-causing organisms of small ruminants (sheep and goats) in Nigeria. This study evaluated the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of goats slaughtered in Swali Abattoir, Yenagoa, Bayel...

Antifertility potential of the extracts of Aloe barbadensis Miller on the testes
and reproductive hormones of male rats

Sekegor, C. O., Ekpenyong, J. F. , Udoh, P. B. and Udoh, F. V.

There is a plethora of effective female contraceptives with varied efficacy,
usability, and acceptability levels but not for males, who have condoms with
a high failure rate and vasectomy with poor reversibility. This study was to

Physico-chemical parameters, heavy-metals and soil particle distribution of
Liverpool axis of Badagry Creek, Lagos, South-western Nigeria

Adeboyejo, O. A., Clarke, O. E. , Uyosue, L. and Ogun, M. L.

Heavy metal pollution is a serious issue of concern worldwide because it can
bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms and transferred through the food chain to harm
humans. Information on the heavy metal pollution of aquatic ecosystems is esse...

Biosynthesis, characterization and antivenom activities of Moringa oleifera
silver nanoparticles: an experimental approach

Adeyi, A. O. , Olowookorun, T. O. , Ajisebiola, B. S. , Labulo, H. A. , Adeyi, O. E. and Ibrahim, H.

Moringa oleifera has been previously established to possess neutralizing
potentials against Echis ocellatus venom. This study however, investigated the
bioefficacy of silver nanoparticles biosynthesized from M. olei...